Леся Гуня (Дубляни, Україна) |    Завантажити статтю

Over the years many methods for teaching a new language have evolved. The most longstanding method and the one that has been most heavily influenced by the work of psychologists is the Audio-Lingual Method The goal in this method is to overlearn the target language through communicative drills directed by the teacher. The idea is to use the target language to the point that it becomes automatic and in the process new habits in the language are formed that overcome the tendency to rely on first language habits. In this method new vocabulary and grammatical structures are presented through teacher-directed dialogue drills, as well as heavy reliance on language lab drills organized around imitation and repetition drills. Students' correct responses are positively reinforced. Listening and speaking in the second language are the objectives in this method. Students' native language habits are considered as interfering, thus the use of the native language is restricted in the classroom. This method emphasizes proper pronunciation, simple everyday dialogues, and correct grammar [1, p.32-50].